Swissair Flight 111 was a Swissair McDonnell Douglas MD-11 on a scheduled airline
flight from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, United States
to Cointrin International Airport in Geneva, Switzerland. On that fateful day of
2nd September 1998 the aircraft used for the flight, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean
southwest of Halifax International Airport at the entrance to St. Margarets Bay,
Nova Scotia. The crash site was 8 kilometres from shore, roughly equidistant from
the tiny fishing and tourist communities of Peggys Cove and Bayswater. All 229 people
on board died.
The Communities of Peggy's Cove and Blandford in St.Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia were
central to the recovery operation following the crash of Swissair Flight 111. The
Whales back and Bayswater memorial sites were chosen for their proximity to those
communities and because they also have sight lines to both the crash site and each
The three sites together - Whales back, Bayswater and the crash site; make a triangular
shape across St. Margaret's Bay, which is reflected in the design of the memorials.
Bayswater Beach is at the western tip of the triangle. As you stand at the monument,
facing the ocean, the line on your left is the sight line to Whales back. The line
to your right leads to the crash site, which lies on the horizon of St.Margarets
The remains of the passengers & crew are buried at the Bayswater site. At the request
of family and community members, the quiet, modest memorials are consistent with
the coastal environment.
The memorial at whalesback, St.Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia has the following inscription